lecture_organic_cpds (1)

lecture_organic_cpds (1) - from the maximum number possible...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Three Major Categories used to describe the Molecular Framework of Organic Cpds 1) Acyclic - (hydrocarbon chains) the molecular framework exists of a chain of carbon atoms bonded to one another a) alkanes are hydrocarbon cpds that contain only C--C single bonds - simplest of organic cpds - also known as saturated hydrocarbons because each carbon holds the maximum number of hydrogens - general formula of C n H 2n+2 - fairly unreactive group as a whole b) alkenes are hydrocarbon cpds that contain at least one C--C double bond - not a saturated hydrocarbon because each double bond present removes 2 hydrogens from the maximum number possible - general formula of an alkene with only one double bond C n H 2n - more reactive group than alkanes c) alkynes are hydrocarbon cpds that contain at least one C--C triple bond - not a saturated hydrocarbon because each triple bond removes 4 hydrogen atoms
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: from the maximum number possible- general formula for an alkyne with only one tiple bond C n H 2n-2- most reactive group of the hydrocarbons 2) Carbocyclic- the molecular framework is a fused ring of carbon atoms a) these are unsaturated hydrocarbons because the fusing of the chain removes 2 hydrogen atoms from the maximum number possible b) generic formula C n H 2n c) these tend to be more reactive then simple alkanes d) see figure 1.12 on pg.34 of your book 3) Heterocyclic- the molecular framework is a fused ring of atoms, at least one of which is a non-carbon atom a) this is actually the largest class of organic compounds b) the non-carbon atom is usually O, N, S, or P c) many sugars have a heterocyclic ring as their molecular framework d) see figure 1.13 in your book on pg.35...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 10/11/2011 for the course CHEM 16258 at Cornell.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online