Lec1_org_cpds(2) - I Organic Compounds A Hydrocarbons 1 Hydrocarbons are cpds composed entirely of carbon and hydrogen 2 Saturated Hydrocarbons

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I. Organic Compounds A. Hydrocarbons 1. Hydrocarbons are cpds composed entirely of carbon and hydrogen 2. Saturated Hydrocarbons contain only carbon-carbon single bonds 3. Unsaturated Hydrocarbons contain multiple bonds 4. There are 4 major classes of hydrocarbons: a. alkanes b. alkenes c. alkynes d. aromatics (arenes) B. Alkanes 1. Alkanes are hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds. 2. All alkanes have the general ending “-ane” 3. Alkanes fit the general formula: C (n) H (2n+2) 4. Cycloalkanes are a special class of alkanes where the bonded carbons form a ring. 5. Alkanes are the predominant components of petroleum products. 6. Alkanes are relatively unreactive aside from combustion reactions, - remember that combustion reactions are the burning and breaking apart of specific compounds into water and carbon dioxide - IE: Hydrocarbon + O 2 CO 2 + H 2 O 7. If a compound is made up of an alkane chain and a nonalkane portion, the reactivity depends upon the nonalkane portion (the alkane portion is
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This note was uploaded on 10/11/2011 for the course UNKNOWN 208 at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Lec1_org_cpds(2) - I Organic Compounds A Hydrocarbons 1 Hydrocarbons are cpds composed entirely of carbon and hydrogen 2 Saturated Hydrocarbons

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