EXAM 4 NOTES - FridayNov52010 Marriage and Family...

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Friday Nov 5 2010 Marriage and Family Every society has rules.  The family is also a way to provide for various people who are dependent and can’t take care of  themselves (children, elderly people, and people who are physically disabled.)  In most societies the primary duties fall on the family for taking care of these people.  The family is also first in line of different agents of socialization.  The family teaches young people things they need to know to become part of the society.  The family is the oldest form of socialization that we know of.  Long ago governments societies were  organized according to families or clans.  Most of us will have two forms of families  o Family of Origin     - the family we are born in primarily consist of our parents and siblings.  o Family of Procreation     -when we get married and have children ourselves.  o EARLIEST FORM OF SOCIAL ORGANISATION IS BASED ON KINSHIP- who is  related to who Some of the rules about families: o Patrilineal societies     - the line of decent is figured from  father to son to grandson . The old  Testament is full of different family trees. Almost all of these have names of men (rare you  will find a women’s name).  o Matrilineal Societies     - the line of decent from  mother to daughter to grandaughter o Bilineal Societies-       the line of decent of males is figured from father to son and the line of decent of females is figured from motherto daugher.  However societies do it  this line of decent is usually strongly connected to inheritance (ex: family property). That is  why societies have rules about incest (not because of the dangers it causes biologically, but  because it screws up the line of decent).   BASES OF BLOOD LINE and DEFINES LINES OF INHERITANCE Rules of incest are about who we can marry o Exogamy     - rules that say  we have to marry outside of a certain group . Here in the  U.S. you can’t marry your mother, father, siblings, 1 st  cousin, sons, or daughters, and some  states 2 nd  cousin.  Other societies have different rules about incest, but to marry someone in your own clan would be  considered incest. In the Old Testament it was okay to marry your half sister, or cousin.  o Endogamy     -rules that say you  have to marry within a certain group . In some societies  you would have to marry within your own clan.    These rules often have combinations. 
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Phratries     - a clan but describes a group that is divided up in two.   o Eagle     - Eagle has to choose a bride from the Bear clan. You would marry your 1 st  cousin on 
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