PSY1 4 - Conditioning and Learning Foundations of...

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Conditioning and Learning
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Foundations of Conditioning z Aristotle (350 B.C.E.) ± Laws of Association ± Frequency ± Intensity ± Contiguity z Concept of Reflex ± René Descartes (1650) ± body as machine z British Empiricism ± John Locke (1690) ± ³ tabula rasa ´ GRFWULQH ± David Hume (1750) ± S-S building blocks ± Robert Whytt (1750) ± physiology of reflexes
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Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) z Lectures on the function of the principal digestive glands (1897) z Lectures on Conditioned Reflexes (1926) The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1904 "in recognition of his work on the physiology of digestion, through which knowledge on vital aspects of the subject has been transformed and enlarged"
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(~1890-1900) Figure from Lectures on Conditioned Reflexes (1926)
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(~1890-1900) Esophageal Fistula
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(~1890-1900) Gastric Fistula
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(~1890-1900) [ Click on Dotted Lines for Animated Dog Slobber ]
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3DYORY¶V 5HIOH[ )RUPXODWLRQ z ³:LUHG - ,Q 5HIOH[HV´ ± e.g., salivation, gag, orienting, limb withdrawal ± occur unconditionally ± ³XQFRQGLWLRQDO UHIOH[HV´ ±86 85² z ³3V\FKLF 5HIOH[HV´ ± Appear after specific experiences ± occur conditionally ± Two Basic Kinds of Reflexes ( S R ):
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Classical (Pavlovian) Conditioning Unconditional Reflexes Conditional Reflexes e.g., Salivation to Food e.g., Salivation to Bell
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PSY1 4 - Conditioning and Learning Foundations of...

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