Lecture1-3040C - ECE 3040 Microelectronic Circuits from semiconductor properties to device physics to basic circuits Azad Naeemi MiRC 216

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ECE 3040: Microelectronic Circuits ……from semiconductor properties to device physics to basic circuits……. Azad Naeemi MiRC 216 [email protected]
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2 Microelectronic Circuits are Everywhere!
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3 Exponential Growth G. Moore, ISSCC 2003
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4
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5 Scaling G. Moore, ISSCC 2003
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6 Moore ` s Law G. Moore, ISSCC 2003
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7 Clock Speed G. Moore, ISSCC 2003
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8 Cost per Transistor G. Moore, ISSCC 2003
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9 Shipped Transistors G. Moore, ISSCC 2003
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10 Wafer Size 1 z Wafer in 1959 300mm Wafer
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11 Semiconductor Revenue
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12 Evolution of Electronic Devices Vacuum Tubes Discrete Transistors SSI and MSI Integrated Circuits VLSI Surface-Mount Circuits
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13 Christmas 1947: First Transistor First point-contact transistor (1947, Bell Laboratories) with germanium semiconductor and two gold point contacts separated by 50 µ m Bardeen, Brattain and Shockley (seated) @ Bell Laboratories, 1948 (Nobel prize in physics awarded 1956)
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14 1958: The Integrated Circuit Integrated Circuit (IC) = active and passive components forming a circuit integrated on a single substrate (in contrast to hybrid circuit on a PWB) Developed independently by J. Kilby (Texas Instruments) and R. Noyce, J. Hoerni (Fairchild Semiconductor) l Kilby Device z : Phase-shift oscillator with 1 transistor, 1 capacitor and three resistors in a single germanium substrate, connected via soldered wires Kilby was co-recipient of Nobel prize in physics in 2000 First IC, Texas Instruments, 1958 Jack S. Kilby
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15 1959: Planar Technology Developed at Fairchild Semiconductor Before invention of planar technology, the mesa process with the transistor base having the shape of a plateau on top of the substrate was used for device fabrication
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course ECE 3040 taught by Professor Hamblen during the Fall '07 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Lecture1-3040C - ECE 3040 Microelectronic Circuits from semiconductor properties to device physics to basic circuits Azad Naeemi MiRC 216

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