英国概况

英国概况

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Unformatted text preview: 1. The official name of the United Kingdom is the United Kingdom of Great Britain a nd Northern Ireland. 2. There are three political divisions on the islands of Great Britain: England, Scotlan d and Wales. 3. About a hundred years ago, Britain ruled an empire that had one fourth of the world s people and one fourth of the worlds land area. 4. The Britain Empire was replaced by the Britain commonwealth in 1931 ,which is a f ree association of independent counties that were once colonies of Britain. 5. Britain is separated from the rest of Europe by the English Channel in the south and the North Sea in the east. 6. Britain has, for centuries, been tilting with the northwest slowly rising, and the sout heast slowly sinking . The north and west of Britain are mainly highlands. The southea st and east are mainly lowlands. 7. The pennies, a range of hills running from north midlands to Scottish border, are th e principal mountain chain. 8. Ben Nevis in Scotland is the highest mountain in Britain, and the Lough Neagh in Northern Ireland is the largest lake in Britain. 9. There are three natural zones in Scotland: the highlands in the north, the central low lands , and the southern uplands . The lowlands in the center comprise mostly the forth and Clyde valleys. 10. Edinburgh , Cardiff and Belfast are the capitals of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ir eland. 11. Scotland has about 800 islands, including the Orkney, Shetlands and Hebrides. 800 12. Besides, the Tweed, the Tyne, the Tees and the Thames Rivers on the east coast all face the North Sea ports on the European continent. 13. The longest river in Britain is the Severn River. The most important river is Tham es River. River Clyde is the most important river in Scotland. 14. Though the weather in Britain is so changeable and unpredictable, the climate is in fact a favorable one. Britain has a steady reliable rainfall throughout the whole year. 15. Britain has a population of 57411000. it is a densely populated country with an av erage of 237 people per square kilometer, and it is very unevenly distributed. 90% of t he population is urban, and only 10% is rural. 57411000 237 90 10 16. the English are Anglo-Saxons, but the welsh, Scots and Irish are Celts....
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This note was uploaded on 01/28/2011 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Prolin during the Spring '10 term at College of Southern Nevada.

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英国概况

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