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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 7 ADDRESSING THE POPULATION PROBLEM I. Why Does Fertility Decline? A. Demographic Transition 1. As the economic level of a country increases, death rates decline. 2. Later, as the economic level continues to increase, fertility rates decline. B. Other Factors Influencing Family Size 1. Are children perceived as an economic asset or liability? a. Are children needed for security in one's old age? b. Do children contribute to the family income? c. Do children require expenditures of money until they reach adulthood or finish college? 2. Is infant and childhood mortality high? a. If you have a low expectation that a particular child will survive to adulthood, are you more or less likely to have another child? b. If you want to raise a child, the overall desire to have children is not going to end if a child dies. Although you can't replace the dead child, you can have another child. 3. Is education accessible? Education does two things to fertility rates: a. While one is in school typically does not begin raising a family....
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This note was uploaded on 10/17/2011 for the course ENVIRONMEN 201 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '10 term at North South University.
- Spring '10
- Environmental Science