CHAPTER 14 - CHAPTER 14 NUCLEAR POWER: PROMISE AND PROBLEMS...

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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 14 NUCLEAR POWER: PROMISE AND PROBLEMS I. Nuclear Power Current and Future Status A. Number of power plants today: 442 worldwide with 45 under construction. B. Nuclear power generates about 17% of the world's electricity. C. Why is the number of power plants declining in most countries? 1. Economics a. More costly than estimated b. Costs have increased so that in 1993 dollars it is as expensive as solar for generating electricity 2. Opposition a. Radiation can lead to damaged DNA b. Costs Fig. 14.4 In 1997, those countries lacking fossil fuel reserves tended to be the most eager to employ nuclear power. (Data from International Atomic Energy Agency.) Fig. 14.2 Since the early 1970s, when orders for plants reached a peak, few utilities called for new plants, and many have canceled earlier orders. II. Nuclear Fuel Cycle A. Mining 1. Human Health Concerns a. Miners b. General public: tailings used as landfill; living near tailing piles 2. Environmental Concerns B. Enrichment C. Fuel Element FabricationC....
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CHAPTER 14 - CHAPTER 14 NUCLEAR POWER: PROMISE AND PROBLEMS...

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