Chapter 5 Notes - Civil Rights(Chapter 5 After the civil...

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Civil Rights (Chapter 5) After the civil war, Republicans pass the 13 th , 14 th , and 15 th amendments o 13 th – Freed slaves o 14 th – the due process clause – equal protection clause States cannot discriminate against individuals or groups o 15 th – Voting rights for all adult men Civil rights refers to the rights of all Americans to equal treatment under the law, as provided by the 14 th amendment Reconstruction (1863-1877) o A series of civil rights acts passed to further protect the rights of newly freed slaves (equal treatment and full equality before law) o Northern troops occupied the South to enforce these laws Compromise of 1877 o Election of 1876 pitted Samuel J. Tilden (Southern Democratic Candidate) and Rutherford Hayes (Northern Republican Candidate) o Tilden won the popular vote and had 184 electoral votes to Hayes 165, with 20 votes left uncounted o The South agreed to let Hayes win the election if he would remove northern troops from the South o Began the process of “legalized” segregation in the South 1883, a series of Supreme Court rulings nullified the early civil rights Act o Then the big one: Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896) – the separate-but-
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Chapter 5 Notes - Civil Rights(Chapter 5 After the civil...

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