Chapter 11 - Congress Primary Responsibilities of Congress...

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Congress Primary Responsibilities of Congress o Article I of the Constitution vest lawmaking authority in Congress o Overtime, Congress has delegated lawmaking power to other branches: the President (via executive orders/executive agreements) and bureaucracy (via rulemaking) o Also, the Supreme Court is involved in lawmaking (via judicial decisions) Structure of Congress o Each Congress last for a term of 2 years; each term is divided into 2 sessions. We are in the 110 th Congress. All bills that’s were submitted in a Congress and not acted upon are automatically killed once the Congress ends. Hence, new bills have to be submitted. The Differences between the House and Senate o With a larger size (453 members) the House needs more formal rules. o House members normally have time limitations on debate for any bill; on important matter it is usually one to five minutes. o The Senate has unlimited debate. Called Filibustering (talking a bill to death). Debate may end by invoking cloture. 16 senators must sign a petition requesting cloture, and then 3/5 of the entire membership must vote for cloture. Democrats seeking a filibuster-proof Senate, if it can get 60 senators who are democratic o Generally, Senators enjoy more prestige and receive more media attention than members of the House. In terms of members: House elected every 2
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Chapter 11 - Congress Primary Responsibilities of Congress...

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