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Unformatted text preview: Exam 1 Review Answers I. Constitution A constitution is a written document the restricts the power of authority, structures the government, and governs the behavior of its citizens Monarchies (rule by one), aristocracies (rule by few), democracies (rule by many) The US has a mixed system, Representative Democracy America has the oldest Constitution The 2 constitutional principles incorporated from England were Limited Government and Representative Government The Declaration of Independence established a basis for a republican government The Articles of Confederation established the Congress of Confederation as a central governing body with unicameral legislation The weakness were; it was made up of individual states that did not want to give up sovereignty, and they all had their own constitutions that conflicted with the US constitution, and the government could do little to maintain peace and order Shays Rebellion showed that the government was weak and could do little to maintain peace and order Virginia: bicameral, legislatures would be in proportion to states population, lower house chosen by people, upper house chosen by lower. New Jersey: each state had one vote in congress; executive chosen by congress, executive elects Supreme Court. Connecticut Compromise: bicameral, Senate (2 members from each state) and House of Reps (based on population) In the original constitution, only the house was chosen by the people Congress was given the power to regulate interstate commerce The 3/5 Compromise stated that slaves would count as 3/5 a person for counting and taxing purposes The constitution stated that religious affliction was not required for any political office Federalists supported the constitution, anti-federalists opposed strong central government and that the constitution needed a Bill of Rights The Bill of Rights are the first 10 amendments to the Constitution The Constitutions major principles are Federalism, Separation of Powers, and Checks and Balances Propose: 2/3 vote in both houses of Congress, national amendment convention (2/3 state legislatures). Ratify: of state legislatures approve, special ratifying convention (3/4 of states) II. Federalism...
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This note was uploaded on 10/17/2011 for the course ISS 225 taught by Professor Williams during the Fall '07 term at Michigan State University.
- Fall '07