WRA study aid for #2

WRA study aid for #2 - Below are study aids for assignment...

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Below are study aids for assignment #2 on the reading schedule for A People’s History of the Supreme Court. These are meant to be read as clarifications and background for your reading of the book. Study aid for A People’s History of the Supreme Court pages 97-100 . The XYZ Affair and the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798. France’s aid to the American colonies during the American revolution was largely responsible for the success of that revolution. France sent armies that fought and defeated most of the British forces during the Revolution. That relationship made most Americans very supportive of the French when the French revolution began in 1789, promising to remove the monarchies of Europe in favor of democracy. However, the revolution, after removing the old social order in France, descended into a new kind of tyranny as the revolutionaries began fighting among themselves. When Napoleon took power, France set out to conquer Europe and declared war on England in 1793. Americans became divided in their feelings about the French when they went to war against England. It was at that time that America’s unorganized political forces polarized into the first political parties around feelings about the French Revolution. Americans were divided in their sympathies between the British and the French. In America, the Federalists, led by John Adams, were America’s capitalist class that owed their wealth and power to trade, largely with England. They sided with England’s defense of its elitist class system. While they had no love for the British monarchy, they valued the stability of English traditional class society over what seemed to them the mob rule of the French revolutionaries. The Republicans, under Thomas Jefferson, sought a more egalitarian order in America and sided with the French and their more radical political intentions. The Republicans, who are actually the forbears of today’s Democratic party, were agrarian and mostly Southern and were highly suspicious of the Northern economic elites that made up the Federalist party. America divided between those who favored the more communal and democratic ideals of the French and those who favored the more hierarchical and individualistic ideals of the British. In 1794, while Washington was President and Britain and France were at war, the United States narrowly avoided war with England by a treaty that allowed American trading vessels to go unmolested by British warships. This treaty was condemned by Republicans and almost caused a war between the United States and France because the French felt that America was siding with the English. When the Federalists took control of the Congress and their leader, John Adams, became president, in 1796, the tensions with France increased. President Adams tried to smooth relations between the U.S. and France by sending a delegation to negotiate a treaty with them that would keep the U.S. neutral in the European conflict. When the delegation was badly
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WRA study aid for #2 - Below are study aids for assignment...

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