Schizophrenia_FINAL - Schizophrenia Do you really know what...

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Schizophrenia Do you really know what it is? By: Ryan Ingalls, Lashondra, Tawana, and Tom
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History of Schizophrenia First identified as a mental illness by a German psychiatrist named Dr. Emile Kraepelin in 1887 called it "dementia praecox” The Swiss psychiatrist, Eugen Bleuler, coined the term, "schizophrenia" in 1911 He also was the first to come up with “positive” and “negative” symptoms
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Diagnosis of Schizophrenia No test to 100% diagnose schizophrenia Psychiatrist has to meet with the patient and observe to come to the conclusion. Physical testing can rule out a lot of other conditions that relate to schizophrenia Include seizure disorders, metabolic disorders, etc.
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Diagnosis continued… Some diagnostic tests that are in the trial stages These include blood tests for schizophrenia, special IQ tests for indentifying schizophrenia, eye-tracking, brain imaging, smell tests, and many more These wont be officially used for a few more years
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More on Diagnosis People diagnosed express a combination of positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms. Positive - hallucinations, delusions, etc. Negative - apathy, lack of emotion, etc. Cognitive - disorganized thoughts, difficulty concentrating, etc.
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Causes of Schizophrenia Inheritance Long been known that schizophrenia runs in families An identical twin of a person with schizophrenia = 40% to 50% A child w/ parent w/ schizophrenia = 10% general population risk = 1%
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Causes continued… Chemical Defect in Brain Likely, but not yet certain Imbalance involving the neurotransmitters; dopamine and glutamate This area of research looks promising
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More Causes Physical Abnormality In Brain small changes in distribution or number of brain cells in people with schizophrenia neurons form inappropriate connections during fetal development
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Types of Schizophrenia Disorganized Catatonic Paranoid
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Disorganized Schizophrenia
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Key pt Disorganized- a particularly severe deterioration of adaptive behavior is seen.
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Symptoms Disorganized thinking Grossly disorganized behavior Absent or inappropriate emotional expression
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Treatment Medications 1 st generation medications 2 nd generation medications Other medications Hospitalization Psychotherapy Individual Family therapy Electroconvulsive therapy Vocational skills training
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Complications without Treatment Suicidal thoughts Self destructive behavior
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Schizophrenia_FINAL - Schizophrenia Do you really know what...

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