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9:22:09 Chapter 2 Discussion

9:22:09 Chapter 2 Discussion - consequences • Substance...

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Chapter 2 Discussion 22/09/2009 11:43:00 Reasons Why Drug Use is Potentially More Serious Issue Today Than in  the Past 1. Drugs are much more potent than they were years ago 2. Drug sales are a multi-billion dollar a year business, with major influence on  many nation economics 3. Both licit and illicit drugs are introduced and experiments with by youths at  increasingly younger ages. 4. Greater availability and dissemination of drug information 5. Crack as well as crystal methamphetamine and other manufactured newer  drugs offer potent effect at low cost 6. Seven in ten drug users work full-time and this increases the possibility of  serious accident in the workplace Addiction Repetitive behaviors in the face of negative consequences, the desire to  continue something you know is bad for you o Book: Use that persists even in the face of extremely negative 
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Unformatted text preview: consequences • Substance Abuse: is considered maladaptive, but it is carefully differentiated from true addiction • Substance Dependence: is true addiction, the essential feature of which is continued use despite significant substance-related problems known to user ← Dependence • Features include: o Tolerance o Withdrawal o Compulsive Increasing time spent in substance-related activities Models of Addiction • Moral Model o We distant ourselves from people with addictions because they aren’t like us o They were already messed up, so they would never make it anyway • Disease Model o Addiction is caused from medical reasons • Characterological or Personality Predisposition model Major Theoretical Explanations • Biological • Psychological • Sociological 22/09/2009 11:43:00 ← 22/09/2009 11:43:00 ←...
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