9:14:09 Lecture Session 2 - LectureSession2

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Lecture Session 2 14/09/2009 14:00:00 The Role of Technology in Society The philosophy of Emmanuel Mesthene provides us an opportunity to look  closely at the assumptions behind a sophisticated optimist attitude While a good deal of research is aimed at discerning the particular effects of   technological change on industry, government, or education, systematic   inquiry devoted to seeing these effects together and to assessing their   implication for contemporary society as a whole is relatively recent and does   not enjoy  the strong methodology and richness of theory and date that mark   more established fields. The third view… (73) But… But what is meant by ‘mechanism?’ the key idea is that a mechanism is  something the operated behind the scenes, that is not immediately apparent,  and the exists underneath the surface. The three one dimensional views, as  well as Tiles and Oberdieks  treatment of optimism and pessimism, perhaps  only to cover attitudes on technology that derive their basis simply from  surface appearances, but nothing deeper than that Stripped of caricature, each of these views contains  a measure of truth and  reflects a real aspect of the relationship of technology and society. Yet they  are oversimplifications that do not contribute much to understanding. One can  find empirical evidence to support each of them without gaining much  knowledge about the actual mechanism by which technology leads to social  change or significant insight into its implications for the future. Research and  analysis leads to more differentiated conclusions and reveal more subtle  relationships. (73) What Mesthene Takes Issue With The problem is that people tend to focus their attention on the machine self. 
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