Torts Part 2 - THELAWOFTORTSPART2 NEGLIGENCE 1 GBL395Part10...

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THE LAW OF TORTS – PART 2 NEGLIGENCE GBL 395 – Part 10 Fall 2010 Professor Heidi Bulich 1
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NEGLIGENCE – WARM-UPS Listen to the following:  http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4489461 What remedy, if any, is  available to the Davidson’s? Could the Davidson’s bring a  successful intentional tort  What facts would support the  Davidson’s claim?  argument? What legislative action was  taken as a result of this  tragedy? 2
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Compare to  Buffalo Creek.  How are the cases similar;  how are they different?   3
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NEGLIGENCE – WHAT IS IT? Negligence is the second major area of tort  liability; it involves “unreasonable behavior” that  causes injury. More lawsuits in the US allege negligence than  any other single cause of action. Businesses as well as individuals can be liable for  negligence. In addition, businesses can be liable for the actions of  their employees, injuries of business invitees,  products not carefully manufactured  by them and  services performed management of the Pittston Coal Company meant  to hurt anyone –  but they did  4
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NEGLIGENCE – WHAT IS IT? Failure to use such care as a reasonable prudent  and careful person would use under similar  circumstances Occurs when one who has a duty to act reasonably acts  carelessly and causes injury to another. Characterized by inadvertence, thoughtlessness,  inattention or carelessness Founded on principles of reasonable conduct or  reasonable care. Compare : Sam walks up to John and intentionally  shoves him – Sam has committed an intentional  tort.  Now, what if Sam carelessly bumps into John  and John falls down and breaks his arm – Sam has  also committed a tort – the tort of negligence if the  P (John) can prove the following 4 elements. 5
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ELEMENTS OF NEGLIGENCE Did defendant owe a duty of care to plaintiff?  Did defendant breach that duty?  Did defendant’s breach cause plaintiff’s injury? Did plaintiff suffer a legally recognizable injury?   A A duty of care B Breach of the duty of care C    Causation       (the breach must cause an  injury)  D    Damage       (injury or harm)  6
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DUTY AND THE REASONABLE MAN Duty (the standard of care)  is that of a reasonable,  prudent person acting with ordinary care and skill. ? Should be – what would a reasonable person do in the 
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Torts Part 2 - THELAWOFTORTSPART2 NEGLIGENCE 1 GBL395Part10...

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