Unit_1_-_Introduction - Unit 1 Introduction 1.1 What is...

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1. 1 Unit 1 Introduction 1.1 What is Packaging? We use packaging every single day and, likely, do not give much conscious thought to it. But when you do start to think about it, every single product that you buy comes in some sort of package. Try to think of one item that does not have a package! Packages serve several functions (which we will get into more detail about later), but ultimately they get products from the points of manufacturing to the points of use. There are multiple formal definitions for packaging that exist. Soroka defines a package as: “A form that is intended to contain, protect/preserve, aid in safe and efficient transport and distribution, and finally act to inform and motivate a purchase decision on the part of a consumer.” Soroka, Walter. Fundamentals of Packaging Technology . Naperville: Institute of Packaging Professionals, 2002. 1.2 Packaging Use The use of packaging in any society depends on several factors including culture, economic status, and user demographics. In the US, each person consumes approximately 500 lb of packaging on average each year; this is about 1.5 lb per person each day. While packaging usually ends up disposed in a landfill, incinerated, recycled, or reused, it is still a significantly small amount of waste in comparison to other waste streams. The main categories of packaging materials are paper, plastic, metal, and glass. Packaging is generally considered to be the third largest industry in the US, as it uses about 45% of all glass, 30% of all plastic, and 50% of all paper and paperboard manufactured. The percentages of total packaging materials used globally are: 36% paper 34% plastic 17% metal 10% glass 3% other 1.3 Packaging Industry There are approximately 300,000 companies of some type in the packaging industry. The economic value of this industry is $118 billion annually in North America and $424 billion globally. Packaging is actually the largest employer industry in the US, employing more than 1,000,000 people. The industry categories include food, beverage, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical among many others. The percentages of each type and market values for these sectors, out of total packaged products globally, are: 18% beverage - $76 billion 38% food - $161 billion
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1. 2 5% pharmaceutical - $21 billion 3% cosmetic - $13.3 billion 36% other - $153 billion 1.4 Packaging Careers and Companies Packaging can be scientific and technical as well as artistic and creative; the balance of these attributes is one of the reasons packaging is such an interesting field to be a part of. Packaging is an extremely broad field that integrates many disciplines. These include but are not limited to: Package and product design and development Industrial design Graphic design Sales and marketing Materials development Chemistry Polymer science Engineering mechanical, chemical, electrical, etc. Management
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This note was uploaded on 10/17/2011 for the course PKG 101 taught by Professor Haroldhughes during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Unit_1_-_Introduction - Unit 1 Introduction 1.1 What is...

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