Basic Packaging Functions
Packages perform four basic functions.
If you look elsewhere for information on this,
you may find some variability in how those functions are defined, but here they are
containment, protection, communication, and utility.
Any device that performs one or more of
these four basic functions is considered to be a package.
Depending on the package type, it
may have only one of these functions or a combination of them.
It is also possible for a single
feature on a package to perform more than one function; something as simple as a corrugated
box contains products but also protects them during shipping.
If there is printing on the box,
that is a form of communication.
Also, keep in mind that the function of a package is related to
whether it is a primary, secondary, or tertiary package. The choice of a package is dependent
on many factors, including all of these functions, so working in the packaging field requires the
ability to take all of these aspects into consideration.
Containment is probably the most basic of the packaging functions.
It simply holds a
product in a manner that allows it to be grouped or enclosed and moved.
require some form of containment so they can be handled.
The most common examples are
liquids and free-flowing solids.
Liquids, obviously, need some sort of package or you would have a real mess on your
Beverages are often packaged in jugs or bottles made from plastic or glass.
Examples include milk, juices, beer, wine, and pop.
Other package types used to contain
beverages include cans, tetra paks, and retort pouches.
A large variety of options for beverage
packaging exist, and some beverage types are packaged in more than one kind of package.
example, juices can be packaged in all of the options listed.
Here are some examples of