ch03 - Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 2...

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Unformatted text preview: Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 2 Sentence Elements, Patterns, and Types Objectives • Recognize subjects and predicates. • Convert fragments into complete sentences. • Recognize basic sentence faults such as comma splices and run-on sentences. Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 3 Sentence Elements, Patterns, and Types • Complete sentences in three basic patterns. • Punctuate statements, commands, questions, and exclamations. Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 4 What is a sentence? A sentence is a group of words that express a complete thought. Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 5 Sentence Elements • A sentence is composed of two essential elements: • 1. A subject • 2. A predicate Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 6 Sentence Elements Subject • What is being talked about Predicate • What the subject is • What the subject is doing • What is being done to the subject Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 7 Subject Elements A DataTech manager has been calling you. What is being talked about? Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 8 Subject Elements A DataTech manager has been calling you. \________________/ complete subject Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 9 Subject Elements A DataTech manager has been calling you. What is the subject doing? Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 10 Subject Elements A DataTech manager has been calling you. \_________________/ complete predicate Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 11 Subject Elements A DataTech manager has been calling you. What is the simple subject? Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 12 Subject Elements A DataTech manager has been calling you. \______/ simple subject Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 13 Subject Elements A DataTech manager has been calling you . What is the simple predicate? Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 14 Subject Elements A DataTech manager has been calling you. \_____________/ simple predicate Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 15 Subject Elements • Most frequently used helping verbs: am is are was were been have has had must can will do did does ought might could would should Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 16 Subject Elements • To be a sentence, a group of words must make sense. A set of guidelines was developed. \______________/ \___________/ complete subject complete predicate Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 17 Subject Elements • To be a sentence, a group of words must make sense. Being used to order computer supplies Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 18 Subject Elements • To be a sentence, a group of words must make sense....
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This note was uploaded on 10/17/2011 for the course OA 265 taught by Professor Lbrotsker during the Spring '11 term at Community College of Philadelphia.

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ch03 - Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 3- 2...

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