ch09 - Verbs Tenses and Parts Objectives Write verbs in the...

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Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 9 - 2 Verbs: Tenses and Parts Objectives Write verbs in the present, past, and future tenses correctly. Recognize and use present and past participles. Write the correct forms of sixty irregular verbs. Supply correct verb forms in the progressive and perfect tenses.
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Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 9 - 3 Primary Tenses 1. Present tense verbs express current or habitual action. Leo works in the Marketing Department. 2. Past tense verbs show completed action. Yesterday he worked late. 3. Future tense verbs show action that is expected to occur at a later time. He will work on that project next week.
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Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 9 - 4 Primary Tenses Be sure to use present tense verbs to express “timeless” facts, even if the verbs occur with other past tense verbs. What is the name of the person who called me yesterday? (NOT was . )
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Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 9 - 5 Primary Tenses Be sure that third-person singular verbs end in s . He sends many e-mail messages. (NOT send . ) Taylor works until 9 p.m. (NOT work . )
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Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 9 - 6 Primary Tenses Do not use the present tense verb goes for the past tense verb said . She said , “I’ll come right over,” and he said , “Great!” (NOT she goes and he goes .)
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Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 9 - 7 Participles To be able to use irregular verbs correctly, you must also be able to recognize present and past participles.
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Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 9 - 8 Participles The present participle of a regular verb is formed by adding ing to the present part of the verb. When used in a sentence, the present participle is always preceded by some form of the helping verb be ( is , am , are , was , were , been ). The contract is lying on the desk. W e are analyzing both proposals.
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Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 9 - 9 Participles The past participle of a regular verb is usually formed by adding a d or t sound to the present part of the verb. Past participle verb phrases include has , had , or have and sometimes their auxiliaries could , would , and should . She has worked for many businesses. We have built a home in West Gate. Lee should have asked for a raise.
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Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 9 - 10 Past Tense of Regular Verbs Regular verbs form the past tense with the addition of d , ed , or change of terminal d to t . Present Form Add Past Form work +ed worked believe +d believed build d > t built
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Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 9 - 11 Past Tense of Irregular Verbs Irregular verbs, however, form the past tense (and past participle) in a variety of ways. Master the list of irregular verbs shown
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ch09 - Verbs Tenses and Parts Objectives Write verbs in the...

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