ch11 - Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 11- 2...

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Unformatted text preview: Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 11- 2 Verbals Objectives Recognize gerunds and supply appropriate modifiers of gerunds. Identify and remedy split infinitives that result in awkward sentences. Correctly punctuate introductory and other verbal phrases. Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 11- 3 Verbals Avoid writing awkward participial phrases. Spot dangling verbal phrases and other misplaced modifiers. Rewrite sentences to avoid misplaced verbal phrases and modifiers. Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 11- 4 What are verbals? Verbals are words that are derived from verbs. Three kinds of verbals: Gerunds (verbal nouns) Infinitives (verbal nouns or verbal adjectives) Participles (verbal adjectives) Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 11- 5 Gerunds A verb form ending in ing and used as a noun is called a gerund . Advertising is important to our economy. ^ subject Travis sought a career in selling . ^ object Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 11- 6 In using gerunds , be sure that the nouns and pronouns modifying them are possessive. The auditor questioned Mr. Lees traveling first class. We appreciate your informing us of the error. Gerunds Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 11- 7 Infinitives When the present form of a verb is immediately preceded by to , the most basic verb form results: the infinitive . Try to arrive early. Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 11- 8 Infinitives In using infinitives, do not substitute the conjunction and for to . Check to see that the door is locked. (NOT Check and see that . . . . ) Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 11- 9 Infinitives In using infinitives, avoid split infinitives that result in awkward sentences. Awkward: Mrs. Jameson was asked to , as soon as possible, complete the report. Better: Mrs. Jameson was asked to complete the report as soon as Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 11- 10 Check your skill . . . Select the correct word. 1. We objected to (Bill/Bills) accepting the shipment without prior approval. Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 11- 11 Check your skill . . . Select the correct word. 1. We objected to (Bill/ Bills ) accepting the shipment without prior approval. Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 11- 12 Check your skill . . . Select the correct word. 2. Be sure (to/and) set your alarm. Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 11- 13 Check your skill . . . Select the correct word. 2. Be sure ( to /and) set your alarm. Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 11- 14 Check your skill . . . Select the correct sentence. 3. (a) We expect to, when all the facts are gathered, make a recommendation....
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ch11 - Mary Ellen Guffey, Business English, 7e Ch. 11- 2...

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