lesson 1 - Intro to Healthy Living

lesson 1 - Intro to Healthy Living - LESSON 1 Introduction...

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LESSON 1 Introduction to Healthy Living INTRODUCTION Welcome to Lesson 1! In this lesson an overview of key principles of health, wellness, and fitness will be presented. One important concept to remember is that you are in charge of your own good health. Anyone can have optimal health to the extent it is possible for each individual, given their own limitations. As you complete this lesson, make sure you review each Mastery Check and Quiz question along with the lesson material that relates to each question. If you read and study carefully, you will be prepared for the first exam. LESSON OUTCOMES 1 Define and contrast health, wellness, and physical fitness. 2 Describe the relationship between lifestyle, quality of life, and risk of chronic disease. 3 Discuss various strategies to boost your motivation to live a healthful lifestyle. KEY TERMS Body composition : The percentage of the total body weight that is fat mass and lean body mass. Compression of morbidity : Reducing the number of dysfunctional years that come at the end of a life- span and are typically due to chronic disease. C ardiovascular endurance : The ability to sustain medium-to high-intensity cardiovascular exercise (such as distance running, cycling, and swimming) for long periods of time; also called cardiovascular fitness . Diseases of choice : Chronic diseases that are in part caused by the lifestyle choices a person makes. Exercise : A type of physical activity that improves or maintains the various components of physical fitness. Flexibility : The ability to move the body freely through a normal range of motion. Health : Health is optimal well-being that contributes to quality of life. It is more than just freedom from illness and disease. Muscle endurance : The ability to contract a muscle over and over without becoming fatigued. Muscle strength : The ability of a muscle or group of muscles to produce a maximal force during a single contraction. Motor skills : The ability to move with skill during sports or recreational activities. Overload : To exercise more or harder than normal. Physical activity : Any activity such as walking, climbing stairs, or doing chores that causes the muscles to contract and use energy. Physical fitness : A set of six components (cardiovascular endurance, muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility, body composition, motor skills) that relate to a person's ability to be physically active, perform exercise, or participate in sports. Wellness : A type of total fitness for the whole person—including social, physical, mental, spiritual, and emotional well-being.
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DISCUSSION MATERIAL If you were asked to consider what you value most in life and you identified "good health" as a concern, you would not be so different from most people. In surveys conducted in the United States, Canada, and other Western nations, as many as 99% of people identified health as an important concern and no one felt that good health was unimportant.
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This note was uploaded on 10/17/2011 for the course HEALTH 100 taught by Professor Fugal during the Fall '09 term at BYU.

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lesson 1 - Intro to Healthy Living - LESSON 1 Introduction...

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