Introduction to Healthy Living
Welcome to Lesson 1! In this lesson an overview of key principles of health, wellness, and fitness will be
presented. One important concept to remember is that you are in charge of your own good health.
Anyone can have optimal health to the extent it is possible for each individual, given their own limitations.
As you complete this lesson, make sure you review each Mastery Check and Quiz question along with
the lesson material that relates to each question. If you read and study carefully, you will be prepared for
the first exam.
Define and contrast health, wellness, and physical fitness.
Describe the relationship between lifestyle, quality of life, and risk of chronic disease.
Discuss various strategies to boost your motivation to live a healthful lifestyle.
: The percentage of the total body weight that is fat mass and lean body mass.
Compression of morbidity
: Reducing the number of dysfunctional years that come at the end of a life-
span and are typically due to chronic disease.
: The ability to sustain medium-to high-intensity cardiovascular exercise
(such as distance running, cycling, and swimming) for long periods of time; also called
Diseases of choice
: Chronic diseases that are in part caused by the lifestyle choices a person makes.
: A type of physical activity that improves or maintains the various components of physical
: The ability to move the body freely through a normal range of motion.
: Health is optimal well-being that contributes to quality of life. It is more than just freedom from
illness and disease.
: The ability to contract a muscle over and over without becoming fatigued.
: The ability of a muscle or group of muscles to produce a maximal force during a
: The ability to move with skill during sports or recreational activities.
: To exercise more or harder than normal.
: Any activity such as walking, climbing stairs, or doing chores that causes the
muscles to contract and use energy.
: A set of six components (cardiovascular endurance, muscle strength, muscle
endurance, flexibility, body composition, motor skills) that relate to a person's ability to be physically
active, perform exercise, or participate in sports.
: A type of total fitness for the whole person—including social, physical, mental, spiritual, and