Assignment 2

Assignment 2 - Max Haubold Anthropology 121 Assignment 2...

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Max Haubold Anthropology 121 Assignment 2 Professor John Scarry The Politics of Community and Inka Statecraft In the Colca Valley, Peru The article from the Latin American Antiquity Journal titled “The Politics of Community and Inka Statecraft in the Colca Valley, Peru” presents a study of South American government. Here, the evolution of a hybrid imperial/local political formation in the shift from autonomous rule from the Late Intermediate to the Inka occupation during the late horizon is documented and proven. These time periods (AD 1000-1450 to AD 1450-1532) hold evidence of prominent Inka imperial institutions across the two moieties that structure local community organization, and show remarkably close conformity to both the Inkaic ideals of rank and hierarchy among the communities of lower moiety and greater autonomy among the upper ranking moiety. The study presented by Steven A. Wernke of Vanderbilt University provides data sets which combine to present insight into an Inka administration which is centralized, but locally mediated. Contextually, the article contains five main sections excluding introductory and conclusion statements. To begin, Wernke introduces the Inka and Andean societal structure and various forms of leadership. The focus of this section revolves around the concept of the Ayllu , which is most often translated as “clan”. This, however, is not exactly accurate, and the term can
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refer to any number of different familial or non-familial bonds. In the context of Inka social structure and government, this shows significance in several ways. Primarily, this concept allowed “outsiders” to marry into, or be taken into a family. This is very important in the hierarchical structure, allowing vertical and horizontal shifts within the society. This was a main contributor in allowing the Inka to spread and become powerful so quickly. As an example of Inka imperialism and how it affected the assimilated, the next section delves into the Collagua ethnic group. This group was the largest highland ethnic group, and was of vital regional economic and political importance during both Inka and Spanish times. The importance of this group within context however, is the way they were treated by the Inka. Even
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Assignment 2 - Max Haubold Anthropology 121 Assignment 2...

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