In continuation with the main parts of good archeology, it is important to have a better
understanding of site classification. There are four ways, including contextual, artifact content,
geographic location, and artifact content in relation to site function. By observing the context of
a site, it can be determined whether it is a surface location, single level occupation, or stratified
settlement. Using found artifacts can also help classify a site. By examining the way artifacts
were made and finding possible similar artifacts, a site could be dated or learned more fully.
Geographic location can also classify a site. Dig sites found in caves, valley bottoms, and flat
lands would all have unique characteristics, helping in their classification. Lastly, the artifacts
found at a site which are directly linked to specific functions, namely kill sites, habitations, burial
sites, trading sites, quarries, and art sites.
Delving deeper into digging sites, it must be understood how they are broken down. A
site is divided into a matrix, or a three dimensional grid. This will help to uncover the context of
a find, in league with two other things- provenance and assessment. Provenance is the origin
position, detailing possible original uses or facts about the time period. Assessment is how the
item got to its current position in the matrix, and what happened since the original position.
These things are useful tools in finding out about past lifestyles, because they can help reveal