Spanish Midterm Grammar

Spanish Midterm Grammar - Spanish Midterm Grammar How long...

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Spanish Midterm Grammar How long or since an action- Cuanto hace que or Desde cuando To state how long something’s been going on- Hace+time expression+ que+ present verb Present verb+ desde hace+ time Por- goal for an action, Exchange, duration of time, motion(by, around, through, etc), means, passive voice, estar + infinitive Para- purpose of object, comparison in qualities, time limits or deadlines, destination Prepositions- a, de, con, en Imperfect subjunctive- ra, ras, ra, ramos, ran or se, ses, se, semos, sen formed by dropping the ron ending of the third person plural of the preterite. i.e. tomar=tomara Conditional- add imperfect ending for er/ir verbs to the infinitive. Ar,er, ir, are the same. Tomar=tomaría. Irregulars, decir-dir, hacer-har,haber-habre, poder-podr, querer-querr, saber-sabr, po ner-pondr, salir-saldr, tener- tendr, venir-vendr Conditional perfect- habría, habrías, habría, habríamos, habrían + past participle Pluperfect subjunctive- hubiera, hubieras, hubiera, hubiéramos, hubieran +past participle
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