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Unformatted text preview: Bio141 Transcription and Translation Problem Set DNA Protein transcription DNA Protein transcription 1. Fill in the blanks above in the diagram of the central dogma. 2. The process by which RNA is made from a DNA template is known as: A. Replication B. Translation C. Transcription D. Transreplication 3. Name the three main types of RNA. What is the function of each? Which of these is converted into protein during translation? 4. The enzyme that functions to synthesize RNA from the DNA template are known as: A. DNA Polymerase B. RNA Polymerase C. Ribonuclease D. Reversetranscriptase 5. True or False During transcription, both strands of the DNA template can be transcribed. 2 6. During transcription (circle all that apply): A. adeninosine deoxyribonucleotide pairs with cytosine ribonucleotide B. guaninosine deoxyribonucleotide pairs adeninosine ribonucleotide C. thymine deoxyribonucleotide pairs with uracil ribonucleotide D. uracil deoxyribonucleotide pairs with thymine ribonucleotide E. none of the above 6. The series of events that occur during transcription can be summarized in three steps: initiation, elongation, termination. Transcription initiation begins with the RNA polymerase binding at the Pribnow Box in prokaryotes (TATAAT) or the TATA box in eukaryotes. Why are such A-T rich sequences a good place to start separating the two DNA strands so that the DNA can be copied into RNA?...
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