F11-Cognitive Development (1)

F11-Cognitive Development (1) - Brain and Cognitive...

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Brain and Cognitive Development I. Three Broad Ways to View Intelligence. A. Qualitative--developmental processes- approach amuse that cognitive changes with development. 1. Emphasis on NATURE of thought- How does thought change from childhood to adolescence. 2. Piaget and Vygotsky. They deal with (Qualitative-- developmental processes) B. Information processing view.- looks at how we take in information. 1. How do we take in, store, and retrieve information 2. Attention, memory, many other cognitive processes. And coding information for example. Human brain functions like a computer. C. Quantitative--psychometric.(psychological measurement) Iq approach. 1. Tied to numbers--IQ. Standardized testing 2. Emphasis on individual differences. D. The Three Views Are Complimentary (cognitive development- what goes on in your head has you think. (information processing). ..... Psychometric –infomation processing. . have to think. .. (SAT). .. Info processing is in the middle because it relates to both. How info procesing changes as we get older 1. Each tells us something about intelligence. We all have intellence, but to different degrees WHAT DOES EACH TELL US ABOUT THE ADOLESCENT? How can e use the study of imtelliengece to better tell us about adolsence intelligence. II. Qualitative Approach to Intelligence--Piaget. A. Intelligence is a process. The way we think changes qualitatively as we develop.
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Intelligence is a process. It led him to focus on how intelligence works. 1. Focus on how intelligence works. 2. Changes with development. 3. Children and adolescents think differently. Becaue : 4. …Development occurs in stages--change from stage to stage is qualitative, reflecting differences in modes of thinking. 5. Stage theory: Stages- continuity and discontinuity. Discontinuity- transition between stages A is not the same as b, b is not the same as c, and c is not the same as d. stages does not continuity during adulthood Continuity- transition within stages (continuous transition) the way we think slowly changes to a new way we speak. (making sounds…babbling-1 word sentences – 2 word sentences – complex sentences) Gradual change. Everyone goes through the stages in the same order B. Piaget’s theory: Fuction produces structure, structure allows content. 1. Function is: a. Assimilation.- to take in info (incorporate info) . when we study, we don’t come at it with zero knowledge b. Accommodation- to adjust . we attach info to what we already know, and it changes what we know c. Age invariant. function does not change with age. We all function intellectually the same way
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F11-Cognitive Development (1) - Brain and Cognitive...

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