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Unformatted text preview: Psychological Theories Explaining Behavior and their change Which individuals are least likely to be engage in healthy behaviors by age : Adolescents. Socioeconomic Status: Barriers to engage in exercise due to problematic neighbor and poor access to healthy food. Cultural and Social Influences: If other individuals are doing it, we are most likely to do it. Family friends, media may influence us. Cognitive Factors: Refers to ones belief and goals and knowledge about healthy eating. Environmental contingencies : The association between a behavior and its consequences. Cognitive Model I: Health Belief Model----- Why some people who are healthy take action to avoid illness while others do not. -------Decisions about our health are based on four interactive factors. --------------------Ones perceived Vulnerability or susceptibility- How vulnerable or threatened a person feels him herself to be to a particular disease....
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- Spring '11