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group lecture- lecture notes - Learning goals Learning...

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Learning goals: Learning goals: Understand the influence of a group on an individual’s behavior Understand deindividuation and its impact on behavior Identify factors that determine group membership Understand the influence of group decision-making tasks and the role of leaders
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Definitions: What is a Group? Definitions: What is a Group? A nonsocial group can be defined as two or more people who are in the same place at the same time but who are not interacting with each other. A social group is a group in which two or more people are interacting with each other and are interdependent, in the sense that to fulfill their needs and goals, they must rely on each other.
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Nonsocial Groups Nonsocial Groups Social Facilitation: When the Presence of Others Energizes Us Social facilitation is the tendency for people to do better on simple tasks and worse on complex tasks, when they are in the presence of others and their individual performance can be evaluated. *differences between simple and difficult tasks *the presence of others increases physiological arousal which facilitates dominant, well-learned responses, but inhibits performance on more difficult tasks.
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Nonsocial Groups Nonsocial Groups Simple Versus Difficult Tasks Three theories try to explain why the presence of others leads to arousal: *The presence of others makes us more alert (mere presence) *The presence of others makes us concerned for what others think of us (evaluation apprehension) *The presence of others distracts us (distraction- conflict model)
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Social Groups Social Groups Social Loafing: When the Presence of Others Relaxes Us *In social facilitation research, the activities studied are ones where people are performing individually, and these individual efforts are easily observed.
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