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helping - lecture notes - Learning goals Understand the...

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Learning goals: Understand the difference between altruism and prosocial behavior Understand the theoretical perspectives on helping Identify factors (situational and personal) that influence a person’s willingness to provide help
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Decision-making Perspective Steps that must be met in order to help to be given: Noticing the event Perceive a need Take personal responsibility Weighing the costs and benefits Deciding how to help
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Emergency factors: Characteristics that lead us to perceive an event as an emergency: Event is sudden or unexpected Clear threat of harm to victim Harm likely to increase without intervention Victim is unable to help themselves Effective intervention is possible
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Personal responsibility Factors influencing feelings of responsibility: Verbal commitment Means of accountability Real or implied leadership Feelings of competence
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Learning theories General principles: Operant conditioning Learning through rewards and punishment Observational learning Emphasizes modeling
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