l4 - Perceiving Group Members ATP Social 4: Perceiving...

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ATP Social 4: Perceiving ‘Groups’ Perceiving Group Members
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ATP Social 4: Perceiving ‘Groups’ Lecture contents Stereotypes: acquisition, use, maintenance, confirmation Prejudice: In-group and intergroup evaluations Discrimination: Perceptual, evaluative, behavioural
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ATP Social 4: Perceiving ‘Groups’ Discriminating terms (as used here) Stereotype : A belief about individuals based on their membership in a social group. Prejudice Negative feelings about others because of their membership in a social group. (Using stereotypes? Believing stereotypes?) Discrimination : Behaviour directed against persons because of their membership in a social group. Racism/Sexism : Prejudice or discrimination directed against persons because of their ‘race’/’sex’.
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ATP Social 4: Perceiving ‘Groups’ Stereotypes Interpersonal stereotyping occurs when a target is ‘inappropriately’ considered in terms of perceived category membership Because treatment in terms of category membership is inappropriate (e.g., incorrect, ‘excessively’ deindividuating) Because category-informed inferences are inappropriate (e.g., wrong, unjustified) Psychologically, the interest is in stereotype acquisition and use by individuals.
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ATP Social 4: Perceiving ‘Groups’ How do people acquire stereotypes? Social categorisation Classification of persons into groups, often on the basis of common attributes. Facilitates (conscious and unconscious) heuristics. Ingroup - outgroup categorisation Non-unitary social categorisation, plus self-categorisation Cognitive and motivational biases in category use.
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ATP Social 4: Perceiving ‘Groups’ Stereotype use: Perceptual distortion, assimilation An assimilation effect occurs when one thing is perceived as more similar to another than is the case. People tend to be seen to fit their stereotypes more than they do, especially when the stimulus is ambiguous. People tend to perceive and communicate stereotypical information better than counter-stereotypical behaviour.
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ATP Social 4: Perceiving ‘Groups’ Stereotype use: Perceptual distortion, contrast An contrast effect occurs when one thing is perceived as more different to another than is the case. Jussim et al. (1987) Contrast effects occur when characteristics are so expectation- discrepant that stereotype assimilation becomes difficult. Contrast effect inhibited by (i) limited cognitive resources, (ii) high need for closure, (iii) high stereotypical expectations.
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ATP Social 4: Perceiving ‘Groups’ Stereotype protection: Subtyping Allport (1954) Excluding counter-stereotypical individuals to maintain the original stereotype. Stereotype-revision rather than subtyping is most likely
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This note was uploaded on 10/18/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 202 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at North South University.

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l4 - Perceiving Group Members ATP Social 4: Perceiving...

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