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l7 - Group Processes ATP Social 7 Group Processes Tom...

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ATP Social 7: Group Processes Tom Farsides Group Processes
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ATP Social 7: Group Processes Tom Farsides Lecture contents Collective processes The effect of the presence of other individuals . Deindividuation Group processes The effect of the presence of a group (and therefore other group members). Group conflict
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ATP Social 7: Group Processes Tom Farsides Social facilitation and social inhibition: Zajonc’s solution
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ATP Social 7: Group Processes Tom Farsides Latané et al. (1979): Many hands make light the work
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ATP Social 7: Group Processes Tom Farsides Reconciling social facilitation and loafing
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ATP Social 7: Group Processes Tom Farsides Deindividuation Deindividuation Loss of a sense of individuality (often claimed to be accompanied by a reduction of normal constraints against deviant behavior). Loss of a sense of individuality (individual identity). Beaman et al. (1979). Halloween masks. Zimbardo (1970) and others. Masked aggression. Anonymity and/or arousal (reduced self-consciousness, public and/or private)? Deviant behaviour. Accountability cues. Attentional cues.
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ATP Social 7: Group Processes Tom Farsides Johnson & Downing (1979) The goodness of (some) group members
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ATP Social 7: Group Processes Tom Farsides Group polarization Stoner’s (1961) risky shift. Moscovici & Zavalloni (1969) Group polarization : The tendency for group discussion to result in the mean group member’s response on an issue becoming more extreme (in the same direction). Three claimed explanatory processes: Persuasive arguments theory (e.g., Vinokur & Burnstein, 1974) Social comparison theory (e.g., Lamm & Myers, 1978) Social categorization (e.g., Turner & Oakes, 1989)
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