Notes 10-13-10 - 1. Archaeology of the First Humans a....

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1. Archaeology of the First Humans a. Geological time scale: Pliocene: 5.3-1.6 million years ago b. Beginnings of humanity b.i. Pliocene c. Primates c.i. c.ii. Found throughout tropics c.iii. Generalized c.iv. Arboreal (live in trees) c.v. Intelligent d. Species d.i. Apes d.ii. Bonobos d.iii. Orangutans e. Miocene: 23.7-5.3 MYA = peak of apedom f. Gorillas, chimps, bonobos are our closest living relatives, but not our ancestors & incompletely evolved humans g. What makes humans different g.i. Bipedal g.ii. Large brains g.iii. Smaller teeth and face g.iii.1. Reduced prognathism (not a long snout) g.iv. Hairless g.iv.1. Ability to sweat g.v. Complex material culture g.v.1. Tools, technology g.vi. Use symbols g.vi.1. Think, speak, write, etc. g.vii. Unique reproductive behavior g.vii.1. No estrus (“heat”) g.vii.2. Concealed ovulation g.vii.3. Chimp females give obvious signs it is ready to mate g.viii. Pair bonding g.viii.1. Long term male/female bonds g.ix.
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This note was uploaded on 10/17/2011 for the course ANTHRO 102 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Notes 10-13-10 - 1. Archaeology of the First Humans a....

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