Notes 10-27-10 - 1. Fate of the Neanderthals a. Very rapid...

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1. Fate of the Neanderthals a. Very rapid transition from Neanderthals to fully modern humans in Europe (5000 years) a.i. Did Neanderthals evolve into moderns? a.i.1. Probably not, found very early fully modern humans a.i.2. Genetic evidence against it a.ii. Did moderns displace Neanderthals violently? a.ii.1. No evidence of warfare a.iii. Did moderns replace Neanderthals through interbreeding? a.iii.1. Are Neanderthal genes in our gene pool? a.iii.2. Hot topic of debate right now, but probably not a.iv. Present consensus: a.iv.1. Modern humans originating in Africa replaced Neanderthals with little or no interbreeding b. We share a great deal with Neanderthals b.i. Common ancestor 2. The upper Paleolithic (40,000-10,000 years ago) a. Modern humans physically a.i. Classified as Homo sapiens sapiens ( differentiated subspecies) a.ii. Head and face a.ii.1. Reduced brow ridges a.ii.2. Rounded skull with vertical forehead a.ii.3. Large cranial capacity (like Neanderthals) a.ii.4. Smaller face and teeth
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This note was uploaded on 10/17/2011 for the course ANTHRO 102 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Notes 10-27-10 - 1. Fate of the Neanderthals a. Very rapid...

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