Notes 11-15-10 - 1. Farming a. Artificial ecosystems a.i....

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1. Farming a. Artificial ecosystems a.i. High densities of species (food plants, animals, etc) a.ii. Example a.ii.1. Deforestation (Haiti vs Dominican republic) b. The creation, maintenance through human labor, materials, and knowledge/information c. Farming is hard work, physically and mentally d. Examples of farming d.i. Planting rice, tea farms, herding goats, etc. e. If farming doesn’t work out: crop failure and famine e.i. Ex. Potato famine, Ireland, 1840 f. Built-in problem = environmental degradation g. Domestication of plants and animals g.i. Increasing human management of plants and/or animals up to controlling breeding g.ii. Ultimately a domesticated species depends on humans for its survival g.iii. Domestication develops independently in different places at different times g.iii.1. Eastern asia: pigs, chickens, rice, millet 8000 bp g.iii.2. Africa: sorghum, millet, rice, cattle, goats 4000 bp g.iii.3. Andes mountains: potatos, quinoa, llamas 5000 bp g.iii.4. Western asia: sheep, goats, cattle, pigs, wheat, barley 11000bp g.iii.5. North America: sunflower, gourds 3000bp
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Notes 11-15-10 - 1. Farming a. Artificial ecosystems a.i....

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