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Notes 12-1-10 - 1 Neolithic sites in the British Isles and...

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1. Neolithic sites in the British Isles and France a. Neolithic Characteristics a.i. “new” stone age a.ii. Advanced, polished stone tools a.iii. Use of specified and decorated pottery, woven textiles a.iv. Trade a.v. Community organization, specialization a.vi. Permanent/semi-permanent sites a.vii. Earliest farmers a.vii.1. Horticulture more than agriculture a.vii.1.a. Rough fields, small in size a.vii.1.b. Controller “gathering” = maintenance of resources through burning, practices like pollarding, coppicing a.vii.2. Loose herding a.vii.2.a. Woodland grazing a.viii. Spatial marking or ritual landscapes a.viii.1. Elaborate burials, stone circles or henges, standing stones a.viii.2. Advanced knowledge of astrological/mathematical/engineering 2. Terminology a. Cairn/barrow – tomb, burial a.i. Chambered, passage, court or gallery, long (as in barrow) b. Stone circles and henges b.i. Ditch and bank – stones – wood b.ii. There are many variations, types, and categories for prehistoric circular
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