Notes 12-6-10 - Writing Ex. Sumerian...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1. Chiefdoms and states a. Differences in size and complexity b. Stratified, hierarchal culture c. Leadership and power c.i. Permanent leadership positions c.ii. Close to ideological sources of power c.iii. Important ritual roles d. Economy d.i.1. Overproduction is essential d.i.1.a. People must produce more than needed to meet household requirements d.i.2. Redistribution d.i.2.a. Supports non-producers d.ii. Collective labor and public works d.ii.1. To keep people busy and under control d.ii.2. Promote group solidarity d.ii.3. To impress them with the power of the chief/state d.iii. Public Monuments d.iii.1. Examples d.iii.1.a. Moai of Easter Island d.iii.1.b. Stonehenge d.iii.1.c. Great pyramids at Giza d.iv. Chiefdoms vs States d.iv.1. Chiefdoms: Redistribution through the chief (kin based) d.iv.2. Chiefdoms: External trade d.v. Standardized currency
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Writing Ex. Sumerian cuneiform, Mayan glyph writing, Rongo-Rongo script of Easter Island e. War e.i. Especially in states e.ii. Competitive, expansionist e.iii. Predatory f. Settlement f.i. Central place: chief’s residence, ruler’s palace f.ii. Monumental architecture f.ii.1. Sacred structures f.ii.2. Spatial markers f.ii.3. Storage f.iii. Fortification f.iv. Infrastructure (roads, wheeled transport) f.v. Example: Cahokia f.v.1. Center of a large chiefdom f.v.2. Housed ~16,000 people g. Sumptuary goods g.i. Become increasingly common g.ii. Their value as status symbols decreases g.iii. A kind of inflation g.iv. Fience, an early type of glass h. Burials h.i. Few pots and stuff = commoners, elaborate graves = rich...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 10/17/2011 for the course ANTHRO 102 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

Page1 / 2

Notes 12-6-10 - Writing Ex. Sumerian...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online