Discussion HW due 10-27-10

Discussion HW due 10-27-10 - brow ridge than modern humans...

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1. Hunter-gatherer – a way of life that consisted of a combination of hunting and gather for food and survival a.i. Egalitarian a.ii. Simple a.iii. Fishing a.iv. Society a.v. Wild food b. Hunter-gatherers had different diets from season to season 2. Technology – the increase of complexity in tools to help aid survival a.i. Efficiency a.ii. Transportation a.iii. Tools a.iv. Food procurement a.v. Farming b. With the advance of technology, hunter-gatherer societies found it easier to survive 3. DNA – deoxyribonucleic acid, the genetic material that defines a species a.i. mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) a.ii. Ancient DNA a.iii. Chromosome a.iv. Evolution a.v. Relatives a.vi. Ancestors b. DNA can be used to date species, relate species, and find common ancestors 4. Neanderthal – A species related to modern humans a.i. Homo sapiens a.ii. Muscular a.iii. Clumsy a.iv. Neander River a.v. Brutish b. Neanderthals are classified as our own species, but have their own subspecies 5. Brow ridge – the protrusion above the eyes a.i. Eyebrow a.ii. Cranium a.iii. Large face a.iv. Heavy a.v. Bone b. Neanderthals had a much larger
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Unformatted text preview: brow ridge than modern humans 6. Robust heavy; dense a.i. Dexterity a.ii. Mobility a.iii. Power a.iv. Muscle a.v. Posture b. Neanderthals were also more robust than modern humans 7. Blade A long tool with two sides a.i. Tool a.ii. Stone a.iii. Chip a.iv. Flake a.v. Cut b. A blade is made by stone and is used to make other tools 8. Blank The piece of stone before it is made into anything a.i. Stone a.ii. Blade a.iii. Preform a.iv. Specialization a.v. Flakin b. Blades were used on blanks to make various tools 9. Permafrost permanently frozen soil a.i. Tundra a.ii. Ice a.iii. Freezing a.iv. Ground a.v. Habitat b. During the late Pleistocene, tundra was expansive and permafrost was everywhere 10. Obsidian volcanic rock that was used often to shape into tools a.i. Translucent a.ii. Natural glass a.iii. Tool a.iv. Stone a.v. Hunting b. Obsidian was highly sought after due to the ease of shaping tools out of it...
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This note was uploaded on 10/17/2011 for the course ANTHRO 102 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Discussion HW due 10-27-10 - brow ridge than modern humans...

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