cancerNotes - Slide 1 Nursing Care of Client with Cancer...

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Unformatted text preview: Slide 1 Nursing Care of Client with Cancer Presented by Manny Ramos RN, MSN ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Slide 2 Cancer Normal cells mutate into abnormal cells that take over tissue Affect different organs and organ systems Eventually harm and destroy host ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Slide 3 Incidence and Prevalence Cancer: 25% of all deaths annually most common types of cancer: Males: prostate, lung and bronchial, colorectal Females: breast, lung and bronchial, and colorectal ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Slide 4 Risk factors for cancer: Heredity: 5 10% of cancers Age: 70% occur in persons > 65 Lower socio-economic status Stress Diet: certain preservatives in pickled, salted foods; fried foods; high- fat, low fiber foods; charred foods Occupational risk: exposure to carcinogens, radiation, high stress Infections Tobacco Use: Lung, oral and laryngeal, esophageal, gastric, pancreatic, bladder cancers Alcohol Use Sun Exposure: skin cancer ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Slide 5 Health Promotion Routine medical check up and screenings Screening examination recommendations by American Cancer Society; specifics are made according to age and frequencies Breast Cancer: self-breast exam, breast examination by health care professionals, screening mammogram Colon and Rectal Cancer: fecal occult blood, flexible sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy Cervical, Uterine Cancer: Papanicolaou (Pap) test Prostate Cancer: digital rectal exam, Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test ACT! if symptoms of cancer occur ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Slide 6 Types of neoplasms Benign encapsulated Stops growing within boundary of another tissue Malignant aggressive growth Cuts through surrounding tissues causing bleeding, inflammation, necrosis (death) of tissue ___________________________________...
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This note was uploaded on 10/18/2011 for the course NUR 2211 taught by Professor Judithclark during the Fall '11 term at Valencia.

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cancerNotes - Slide 1 Nursing Care of Client with Cancer...

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