CEP260_Chapter_3 - Chapter 3 Stress and Its Effects...

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Chapter 3 Stress and Its Effects
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Definition What is stress? Any circumstances that threaten, or are perceived to threaten, one’s well-being and thereby tax one’s coping abilities.
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5 Characteristics of Stress Stress is an everyday event Stress lies in the eye of the beholder Stress can be imbedded in the environment Stress may be self-imposed Stress is influenced by culture
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Stress is an Everyday Event Routine hassles Richard Lazarus Designed a scale to measure stress in the form of daily hassles Scores strongly related to mental health Cumulative effects of stress
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Stress Lies in the Eye of the Beholder Not everyone feels the same degree of stress from the same event The difference may depend on how we appraise events We first make a “primary appraisal”, or initial evaluation of the relevance, level of threat, and degree of stress the event brings. If viewed as stressful, we make a “secondary appraisal”, or an evaluation of our ability to cope ** Activity p. 45
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Stress Can Be Embedded in the Environment Ambient stress consists of chronic environmental conditions that, although not urgent, are negatively valued and place adaptive demands on people Examples: excessive noise, heat, pollution, crowding, living with risk of disaster, urban poverty and violence
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Stress May Be Self- Imposed Often, we make choices that create stress (e.g. taking extra classes to finish a degree early.) (e.g. taking on extra work to get a promotion.)
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Stress is Influenced By Culture Culture may affect which types of stress we experience. Cultural change is a major source of stress in
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CEP260_Chapter_3 - Chapter 3 Stress and Its Effects...

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