CEP260_Chapter_10_Presentation

CEP260_Chapter_10_Presentation - Chapter 10 Gender and...

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Chapter 10 Gender and Behavior
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Agenda… Gender Stereotypes Gender Similarities & Differences Break Biological Origins Environmental Origins Gender Role Expectations Wrap-Up Group Projects (if time allows…)
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Quick Definitions “Gender” versus “Sex” 3 3
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Gender terms Gender – “the state of being male or female”. Gender stereotypes – “are widely shared beliefs about males’ and females’ abilities, personality traits, and social behavior”. Much variability in stereotypes that interact with race and socio-economic status (SES) Androcentrism – or “the belief that the male is the norm”
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Discussion IN GROUPS. .... How would you describe the opposite sex? Adjectives or phrases How do you think the opposite sex described your sex?
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Gender Roles Gender-role identity – “is a person’s identification with the qualities regarded as masculine or feminine”. Relationship satisfaction is lower in heterosexual couples with traditional gender-role identities. Androgyny – “refers to the coexistence of both masculine and feminine personality traits in a single person”. According to Bem (1975), androgynous individuals experience less restrictive constraints on their behavior and can function more flexibly. In addition, individuals whose partners are either androgynous or feminine are happier.
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Gender shifts? How have gender roles shifted in the past generation? What does this mean for individuals, families, communities, and societies? What do you think of the idea of a gender-free society? An instrumental style – “focuses on reaching practical goals and finding solutions to problems”. An expressive style – “focuses on expressing tender emotions easily and being sensitive to the feelings of others”.
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Media Influences on Gender Roles E. Goffman (1976) reported on common stereotypical portrayals of men and women in advertising Function ranking (men as having more powerful positions) Relative size (tendency for men to be taller and larger in size) Subordination (women ritualized as being objects of assault or degradation) The feminine touch (women caressing objects with body/fingers) Family (men as distant from family or relating to boys and women as relating to girls)
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Gender Roles in Advertising Powerpoint 10
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.. What did you find? Thoughts? 11
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Discussion Do you think there are differences between men and women in intelligence? Self-esteem? Aggression? Sexual Attitudes? Emotion? Communication?
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Gender Differences and Similarities Cognitive abilities: Although there are no gender differences in overall intelligence, there are subtle differences in specific cognitive abilities. Verbal abilities:
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CEP260_Chapter_10_Presentation - Chapter 10 Gender and...

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