CEP260_Chapter_15_Presentation

CEP260_Chapter_15_Presentation - Chapter 15 Psychological...

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Chapter 15 Psychological Disorders
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Agenda Quiz Warm-up Activity Abnormal Behavior Anxiety Disorders Somatoform Disorders Dissociative Disorders Mood Disorders Schizophrenic Disorders Eating Disorders
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Warm-up Individually: What do you know about psychological disorders? Where have you learned this? TV? Books? Personal Experience?
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Warm-up In groups: Write a definition of abnormal behavior. Come up with a list of criteria that describes abnormal behavior
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Abnormal Behavior Medical Model Applied to Abnormal Behavior Proposes that it is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease Diagnosis: distinguishes one illness from another Etiology: Apparent causation and developmental history Prognosis: forecast about probable course Criteria of Abnormal Behavior Deviance Maladaptive behavior Personal distress
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Abnormal Behavior Criteria of Abnormal Behavior Deviance Behavior deviates from society’s norms Maladaptive behavior Everyday adaptive behavior is impaired Eg: can not go to work Personal distress But what is normal behavior?
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Normal vs Abnormal Mental Health vs Mental Illness suggests people can be divided neatly into groups
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DSM-IV Overview What is the purpose of the manual? What types of information exists within the text? Diagnostic Features Subtypes and Specifiers Recording Procedures Associated Features and Disorders Specific Culture, Age, and Gender Features Prevalence, Course, Familial Pattern Differential Diagnosis
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Abnormal Behavior: Myths and Realities Psychodiagnosis: The Classification of Disorders Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Axis I: most diagnoses of disorders Axis II: personality disorders and mental retardation Axis III: physical disorders (General Med conditions) Axis IV: types of stress experienced in past year Axis V: current level of adaptation
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Discussion Question? Do you agree with the idea that psychological disorders should be viewed as an illness or disease?
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Anxiety Disorders Generalized Anxiety Disorder Chronic, high level anxiety not tied to any specific threat Worry excessively about minor matters related to family, friends, finances, work Worry about how much they worry
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Anxiety Disorders Phobic Disorder Persistent and irrational fear of an object or situation that presents no realistic danger Mild phobias common Disorder only if it interferes with everyday behavior
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Acrophobia- Fear of heights Ailurophobia- Fear of cats Anuptaphobia- Fear of staying single Barophobia- Fear of gravity Caligynephobia- Fear of beautiful women Chorophobia- Fear of dancing Coulrophobia- Fear of clowns Eosophobia- Fear of dawn or daylight Eurotophobia- Fear of female genitalia Genuphobia- Fear of knees Hexakosioihexekontahexaphobia- Fear of the number 666.
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CEP260_Chapter_15_Presentation - Chapter 15 Psychological...

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