week3 - The Wine Label: Legal Nomenclature HB 490...

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1 The Wine Label: Legal Nomenclature HB 490 Introduction to Wine Labeling Wine a “Local” Issue • The same wine may have very different labels in different countries – The local marketing and labeling laws dictate the content • E.g., Health Risk Statements in the US • Wine labels also a global issue BATF Æ TTB
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2 Standards of Identity • Class – 1: Grape Wine – 2: Sparkling Grape Wine – 3. Carbonated Grape Wine – 4: Citrus Wine – 5: Fruit Wine • Class – 6: Wine from other agricultural products – 7: Aperitif Wine – 8: Imitation and Substandard or other than standard wine – 9: Retsina Wine Class 1: Grape Wine • Wine produced by normal fermentation • With specified permitted amelioration • Table Wine – No more than 14% alcohol by volume • May also carry designations such as: – Light, white, red, sweet – Wine NOT containing added brandy or alcohol may be further designated as “natural” Class 1: Grape Wine • Dessert Wine – 14%-24% alcohol • Subcategories are allowed if consistent with the designated style and parameters: – Sherry – Madeira –Ma rsa la
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3 Class 2: Sparkling Grape Wine • Sparkling Wine – Wine with effervescence from a secondary fermentation in a closed tank, container, or bottle • Champagne – Wine with the secondary fermentation in a bottle no larger than 1 gallon; must be stylistically similar to French Champagne • The French disagree, and have challenged Class 2: Sparkling Grape Wine • Champagne Style/Champagne Type Napa (or Michigan, etc) Champagne – With the added designation of Bulk process, fermented outside the bottle, not bottle fermented, etc. – May add Charmat method/process – This wine is stylistically similar to French Champagne, but not made using the Champagne Method Class 2: Sparkling Grape Wine • Crackling Wine Petillant Wine Frizzante Wine Cremant Wine – Light secondary fermentation • If made in containers larger than 1 gallon, must state “bulk process”
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4 Class 3: Carbonated Grape Wine
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week3 - The Wine Label: Legal Nomenclature HB 490...

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