week9 - Making the Wine with Stars Sparkling Wine Lesson...

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1 Making the Wine with Stars Sparkling Wine Lesson 9 (Chapter 7) Dom Pérignon Cellarmaster at the Benedictine Abbey in Hautvilliers 1668-1715 Often credited with the discovery of Champagne The residents of Limoux fiercely disagree with this: They claim that their own monks of the famed Abbey of St. Hilaire discovered “Champagne” in 1531, Certainly was one of the first to use corks and strong English bottles Champagne and Sparkling Wine Every Champagne is a Sparkling Wine Most Sparkling Wines are not Champagne • Champagne: – Grapes: Chardonnay (26%), Pinot Noir (37%), Pinot Meunier (37%) – Geography: Designated region of Northern France – Méthode Champenoise
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2 Growing Conditions Sparkling wines grow best in cool climates – Champagne and Mosel have some of the Northernmost vineyards – Slow ripening grapes, high acidity, low pH, low sugar, and low varietal character Varietal character is typically not desired The desired bouquet for sparkling wines comes from long aging on the yeast Sparkling Wine Grape Varieties Beyond Champagne: – Chasselas, Colombard, Gamay, Macabeo (Maccabeu), Muller-Thurgau, Muscat, Pinot Blanc, Shiraz, Zinfandel
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3 Three Sparkling Wine Methods Charmat/Bulk Process/Cuvée Close Bottle Transfer Method Méthode Champenoise – Today, in the EU, only wine from Champagne, proper, can use this descriptor • Elsewhere: Classic Method Méthode Traditionnelle Méthode Ancestrale – Método Tradicional
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  • Spring '11
  • Thompson
  • Sparkling wine, cork, Sparkling wine production