week9 - Making the Wine with Stars Sparkling Wine Lesson 9...

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1 Making the Wine with Stars Sparkling Wine Lesson 9 (Chapter 7) Dom Pérignon • Cellarmaster at the Benedictine Abbey in Hautvilliers 1668-1715 – Often credited with the discovery of Champagne • The residents of Limoux fiercely disagree with this: – They claim that their own monks of the famed Abbey of St. Hilaire discovered “Champagne” in 1531, – Certainly was one of the first to use corks and strong English bottles Champagne and Sparkling Wine • Every Champagne is a Sparkling Wine • Most Sparkling Wines are not Champagne • Champagne: –G rapes : • Chardonnay (26%), Pinot Noir (37%), Pinot Meunier (37%) – Geography:
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2 Growing Conditions • Sparkling wines grow best in cool climates – Champagne and Mosel have some of the Northernmost vineyards – Slow ripening grapes, high acidity, low pH, low sugar, and low varietal character • Varietal character is typically not desired • The desired bouquet for sparkling wines comes from long aging on the yeast Sparkling Wine Grape Varieties • Beyond Champagne: – Chasselas, Colombard, Gamay, Macabeo (Maccabeu), Muller-Thurgau, Muscat, Pinot Blanc, Shiraz, Zinfandel
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3 Three Sparkling Wine Methods • Charmat/Bulk Process/Cuvée Close • Bottle Transfer Method • Méthode Champenoise – Today, in the EU, only wine from Champagne, proper, can use this descriptor • Elsewhere: –C lass ic Me thod
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This note was uploaded on 10/17/2011 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Thompson during the Spring '11 term at Michigan State University.

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week9 - Making the Wine with Stars Sparkling Wine Lesson 9...

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