Chinese Midterm Review

Chinese Midterm Review - Important Buddhist Concepts Karma:...

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Important Buddhist Concepts Karma: ethical total of one’s actions Samsara: the endless cycle of birth, life, death, and rebirth Retribution/recompense The Five paths o Heaven o Human o Animal o Ghost o Hell Salvation (especially important in Mahayana Buddhism), “outside assistance” Buddhas Bodhisattvas o Avalokitesvara (Guanyin, Kuan-yin) o Maitreya (Mile, Mi-lo), a bodhisattva and future Buddha King Yama (Yenluo wang), ruler of the world of the dead The Five Precepts, do not 1. Kill living beings 2. Take what is not given 3. Engage in improper sexual conduct 4. Speak falsehoods 5. Use intoxicants Indigenous Chinese Concepts in popular Chinese Buddhism Mount Tai and the Lord of Mount Tai The bureaucratic administration of the Five paths based on the structure and operation fo the imperial Chinese government Heaven, Ghosts, etc. Important Daoist Concepts Lao Zi (Lao-tzu) and “the way”(Dao, Tao) Immortality The Queen mother of the West (xiwang mu, His-wang mu) Isles of the Blest (Penglai, P’eng-lai) Kunlun (Kun-lun) Mountains
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Chinese Midterm Review - Important Buddhist Concepts Karma:...

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