Chinese Notes 2 - Important myths concerning the founding...

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Important myths concerning the founding of the Shang Tang and the Shang are tied by descent to the Yellow Emperor The evil of Jie is matched by the virtue of Tang. Tang attracts able officers, the most famous being Yi Yin Yi Yin’s miraculous birth from a mulberry tree. Yi Yin’s service with Xia and Shang Tang defeats the Xia, founds the Shang Tang offers himself at Mulberry Grove to stop the drought Tang’s descent from the “black bird” Through the black bird Tang and the Shang are also associated with the sun The mulberry tree is also connected with the sun: The ten suns rest in the branches of a giant mulberry tree One sun flies across the sky each day The suns each contain a black bird Also very important: the bad last ruler-good first ruler myth (or theme) King Zhou (Chou) and the End of the Shang The last ruler of the Shang dynasty was King Zhou. Like King Jie of the Xia, Zhou is said to have been an evil man. He neglected his royal duties. He increased taxes to fund his pleasures He drank and caroused and did evil things The people resented his rule. The Zhou (Chou) dynasty follows the Shang Two men are associated with the founding of the Zhou: 1. King Wen of the Zhou, also known as Lord of the West 2. His son, King Wu The Zhou people are historically thought to have been from an area to the west of the Shang power center.
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That is why King Wen began as Lord (or Earl) of the West Mythically, King Wen is portrayed as a having a wise advisor (just as Tang of Shang had a valuable advisor of Yi Yin) King Wen’s advisors was Great Lord Wang (Wang Taigong) Wang Taigong is also known as jiang Ziya (chiang Tzu-ya) After King Wen’s death his son Wi became king. Wu soon attacked King Zhou and the Shang He was successful, and the Zhou dynasty began There is quite a lot of mythical lore associated with Kings Wen and We and the founding of Zhou: He found Wang Taigong in a dream. Story
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Chinese Notes 2 - Important myths concerning the founding...

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