Lecture 7-Learning

Lecture 7-Learning - LEARNING A Definition Any relatively...

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LEARNING – A Definition Any relatively permanent change in behavior produced by experience. Can be direct experience Can be indirect experience Associative Learning: A process in which you form associations between stimuli and other events By forming associations, we acquire new information and meaning and we behave differently. EX: I press the gas pedal the car moves forward I press the brake pedal the car stops CLASSICAL CONDITIONING The Unconditioned Reflex 1. Dog is hungry 2. Dog sees food 3. Dog salivates Food Salivation Unconditional Reflex : Food Salivation (UCS) (UCR) 1. Unconditioned Stimulus UCS: (Food) The aspect of the environment that generates a response automatically without learning. 2. Unconditioned Response UCR: (Salivating) The response evokes (not learned) by the US. Characteristics of the Unconditioned Reflex Unconditioned- stimulus and response occur naturally, hard wired Stimulus- starts the chain Response- ends the chain Unconditioned Reflex- a PRE EXISTING stimulus-response connection CLASSICAL CONDITIONING The Conditioned Reflex 1. Dog is hungry 2. Dog hears bell 3. Dog sees food 4. Dog Salivates
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Bell-Food Salivation Finally… Bell Salivation Conditional Reflex : Bell Salivation (CS) (CR) 1. Conditioned Stimulus CS: (Bell) Some aspect of the environment that we learn to respond to because it has been associated with an Unconditioned stimulus (FOOD) 2. Conditioned Response CR: (Salivating)
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This note was uploaded on 10/19/2011 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Cave during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Lecture 7-Learning - LEARNING A Definition Any relatively...

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