Lecture 9-Intelligence

Lecture 9-Intelligence - OUTLINE Modules 26, 27, 28...

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OUTLINE – Modules 26, 27, 28 INTELLIGENCE 1. What is intelligence? One characteristic Several characteristic 2. Can intelligence be measured? How? 3. How do we construct an intelligence test? Standardization Reliability Validity 4. What are the extremes of intelligence Mental retardation Gifted/genius 5. Is intelligence genetic or environmentally driven? 6. Are there group differences in intelligence/bias? Race
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WHAT IS INTELLIGENCE? Formal Definition: An idivudual’s ability to: o Understand complex ideas o To adapt effectively to the environment o To learn from experience o To engage in various forms of reasoning o To overcome obstacles by careful thought Practical Definition Intelligence is whatever tests measure o Usually school smarts but can be other things as well. Is Intelligence a single characteristic or several components? Single characteristic view: G Factor (general factor): A primary intelligence factor that underlies all specific mental abilities Points: Found people who score high on one sub-test of intelligence typically score high on all subjects Performance on all these tasks (math, verbal) depends on this primary factor Is Intelligence a single characteristic or several components? Several componentss: 1. Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligence People do not have one general intelligence, but rather multiple intelligences Points: Each is independent of the others We need to assess/understand all types of intelligence to get the big picture EX: the savant sample
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Types of intelligence (what career?) Linguistic
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Lecture 9-Intelligence - OUTLINE Modules 26, 27, 28...

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