Lecture 11-Personality

Lecture 11-Personality - OUTLINE 40, 41, 42 PERSONALITY 1....

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OUTLINE – 40, 41, 42 PERSONALITY 1. What is personality 2. Theories of personality A. Psychoanalytic theory B. Trait Perspective The Big Five Traits C. Other Perspectives Social Cognitive, Biological, Humanistic See text 3. Personality Testing Projective tests o Rorschach o TAT Personality Inventories o MMPI PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY Who? FREUD What is it? Attributes our thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts We get at these conflicts through: Dream interpretation (see dreams) Free association 4 topics central to psychoanalytic theory: 1. Levels of consciousness 2. Structure of personality 3. Psycho-sexual stages of development 4. Anxiety and the defense mechanism
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Psychoanalytic Theory - LEVELS of CONSCIOUSNESS Mind = Iceberg Levels of Consciousness: Conscious: (above the water) Current thoughts at a given moment Preconscious: dream state, recent experiences Below conscious state realm Contains memories not in consciousness, but can be brought into consciousness Unconscious: Below the preconscious, bulk of the human mind Thoughts desires impulses for which we are unaware Might have once been conscious but now-repressed EX: the urge to sleep with your mother STRUCTURE OF PERSONALITY Personality consists of 3 parts: ID (unconscious) All of our primitive thoughts, urges, needs, desires Present at birth Pleasure principle : demands immediate gratification regardless of cost EGO (conscious) Develops in response to ID Holds ID in check until conditions are right for gratification Reality Principle: takes external environment into account to direct behavior/maximize pleasure Resolves conflict of ID and SUPEREGO SUPEREGO (pre-conscious; conscious) Acquired from parents/teachers/laws Also seeks to control the ID, but focus is on morality Will only gratify impulses if morally correct-not just safe Conscience -expects good at all times EX: Sex
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This note was uploaded on 10/19/2011 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Cave during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Lecture 11-Personality - OUTLINE 40, 41, 42 PERSONALITY 1....

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