Assignment3Outline - Nicole Gendreau Assignment#3 Kin 355 sec 3 Outline a Topic Changes in VO2 max cardiac structure and function from the used of

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Nicole Gendreau Assignment #3 Kin 355 sec 3 October 13, 2011 Outline a. Topic Changes in VO2 max, cardiac structure, and function from the used of steroids and exercise training programs. b. Title Training With and Without Steroids and The Effects on Cardiac Structure and Function c. Introduction The pressure to be the best has increased the use of steroids and other harmful ergogenic aids to increase cardiac structure and function, with a result of improved performance. What is the best way to increase performance without the negative effects of steroids? o Problem with steroids and HGH use: Improper use/ over-dosage “Stacking” of steroids- using more than one steroid at once HGH: 20 times recommended dose to substitute steroids (Thein, Thein, and Landry, 1995). Cardiovascular adverse effects Decrease HDL, increase LDL, hypertension, increase fibrinolytic activity, invrease clotting factors (Maravelias C, Dona A, Stefanidous M, Spiliopoulous C, 2005) o Other ways to increase performance Endurance performance A specific diet? Natural supplements? Exercise training program?
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Strength performance A specific diet? Natural supplements? Exercise training program? Contribution: To provide ways to improve endurance and strength performance by the use of natural dietary supplements, diet, and exercise, and expose the negative cardiovascular changes of steroids and HGH use in athletes. Influence of Steroids Figure 1. Topics to be discussed in this research paper d. Background Information What is a steroid? o “Anabolic-androgenic steroids are synthetic derivatives of testosterone that act to increase protein synthesis and the development of male secondary sex characteristics” (Berg, Neumark-Sztainer, Cafri, Wall, 2007). Increase muscle mass and strength, increase aggression o Benefits during exercise: Decrease in fatigue, decrease in recovery time, workouts more frequent and intense (Maravelias et al., 2005). Steroids in Sports o 20% of students in the questionnaire study said their role model athletes Effects on VO2 max, cardiac structure, and function Steroid/ HGH Use Effects on Endurance Effects on Strength Prevalence in adolescents Ways to get same effects for endurance and strength
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influence their decision to use anabolic steroids (Hoffman 2008) When asked about friend’s decision? 50% said they’re friends are influenced by athletes The appearance of celebrities and professional athletes in the media is a bigger influence than watching a sport on tv o Baseball: David Ortiz, Barry Bonds, A Rod, Mike Jacobs (HGH) o Olympics: Tyler Hamilton (cyclist), Marion Jones (track and field), Ben Johnson (sprinter) History of steroids in professional sports o First steroid test, Olympics o Effect on athletics Adolescent Supplement use o In 1990 between 6 varsity high school football teams, 1.1% of players said they were current users, while 38.8% confirmed steroid availability to them
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This note was uploaded on 10/18/2011 for the course KINESIOLOG 355 taught by Professor Elizafrechette during the Spring '11 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Assignment3Outline - Nicole Gendreau Assignment#3 Kin 355 sec 3 Outline a Topic Changes in VO2 max cardiac structure and function from the used of

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